What Are The Different Types Of Stitches You Could Use?

different types of stitches

When taking up a new hobby it is quite important to do your homework first and learn everything that there is to know about that particular activity. The same thing also goes for sewing, where you need to be able to use and handle different types of stitches, seams and other details, from picking the right sewing machine to figuring out what accessories you need and what accessories are useless.

Most of these things you will learn as you go, but some are best to figure out before starting a project and before having a chance to mess anything up. In order to learn more on the subject, I advise you to start reading various online guides as this one or even read different reviews for Janome sewing machine, for example. You will see that all this information will come in handy at some point.

So What Are The Different Types Of Stitches That You Could Use?

different type of Stitches

Every stitches guide will tell you about a handful of stitches that you could use on your projects, but one of the most important things that you should know is that there are two main categories of stitches: hand sewing stitches and machine sewing stitches. It is crucial to make a difference between the two, because reading a hand sewing stitches guide and trying to apply them on a sewing machine would be redundant.

In this guide I am only going to focus on machine sewing stitches and for more details you could always read additional reviews, such as a Janome 5812 review which offers more details about the many types of sewing stitches that you could use in your projects. So here are the main different types of stitches that you could use on a sewing machines.

1. Straight Stitch

This is probably the most popular stitch that you will also use quite often and it is the most basic and easy thing to learn on a sewing machine. The straight stitch will basically join two pieces of material together at seam, to hem and to topstitch. The thing you should know about the straight stitch is that you can adjust both their spacing and tightness from your sewing machine’s settings.

You should keep in mind, however, that tighter stitches are harder to get out. I would advise that, at least in the beginning, you use looser straight stitches. This way, if you ever need to make some alterations to your work, you can do so without damaging the fabric and you can get out the stitches without much trouble.

2. Zigzag Stitch

The zigzag stitch can be quite difficult, especially for beginners, but if you practice for a while you might end up owning it. It is said that the zigzag stitch tends to give sewers a hard time, but I believe that nothing is impossible if you put your mind to it.

This type of stitch is mostly used for finishing raw edges and even for when you want to add elastic to your garments. They perfectly work on fabrics that stretch or are knitted and, in all honesty they do make the finished product look absolutely amazing.

Are There Any Special Types Of Stitches You Should Know About?

There are obviously a couple of special types of stitches that you will probably end up using at some point.

1. Overcast Stitch

The overcast stitch is made with a special type of sewing machines called sergers. These are mainly used by professionals and people who have a lot of experience in the field, because they are quite difficult to handle. This stitch is almost exclusively used for finishing raw edges and hems and it prevents them from fraying and ripping.

2. Buttonhole Stitch

When it comes to stitches, there really is none more self – explanatory than the buttonhole stitch. Most sewing machines are capable of making buttonhole stitches with the use of a presser foot. The tiny hole that is cut into the fabric is then sewed with a stitch similar to the zigzag one.


The bottom line is that when it comes to stitches, there are a lot of things to learn and you have plenty of options to choose from. Every single stitch available on your sewing machine has a purpose and was especially designed for a particular type of fabric or a particular type of project.

However, if you are at the beginning and don’t have much experience, I would actually advise you to start experimenting with as many stitches and as many fabrics as you can. This way you will not only practice but you will also find the things that are the most convenient for you to use.


About the author

Hannah Stitch

Hannah is a crafts enthusiast with a passion for sewing and creating cool things. She has a huge interest in fashion and enjoys spending time with her friends and family.

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